Arthritis Specialist

Many of the over 100 kinds of arthritis impact the foot and ankle, causing pain and stiffness and making even walking difficult. You can trust Dr. Richard P. Jacoby at Extremity Health Centers in Scottsdale, Arizona, to approach your lower extremity arthritis with creativity to ensure the treatment plan he establishes produces real results that improve your quality of life.

Arthritis Q & A

What are the signs and symptoms of arthritis?

Like most medical conditions, the signs and symptoms vary from one person to the next and depends on a number of variables. Common symptoms include:

  • Pain associated with motion
  • Tenderness to the touch
  • Redness, warmth, and swelling
  • Pain that increases after resting, sitting, or sleeping
  • Decreased mobility of the joint

What kinds of arthritis are there?

There are over 100 kinds of arthritis. The most common arthritis is osteoarthritis, which is caused by wear and tear on their joints. Osteoarthritis generally begins at or after middle age, but can affect younger people when they play sports or do repetitive work. If you are overweight and/or have a family history of osteoarthritis, you are at higher risk of developing the condition yourself.

Another common form of arthritis is autoimmune rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic disease that impact joints throughout your entire body. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body attacks the protective synovium surrounding the joint, causing damage to the synovium, cartilage, bone, and even tendons and ligaments.

Posttraumatic arthritis develops after the joint has been injured, sometimes even when the injury received prompt and appropriate medical attention. As a matter of fact, a joint that was fractured or dislocated in the past is as much as 7 times more likely to develop arthritis than a joint that wasn’t.

How is arthritis diagnosed?

Proper diagnosis and treatment requires a thorough examination and accurate diagnosis. This includes a physical examination including review of medical and family history, a gait analysis to evaluate how you walk, X-rays, lab tests, and sometimes additional imaging.

What is the most effective treatment for arthritis?

It’s important to understand underlying causes to effectively treat arthritis in the lower extremities. Some treatment options that Dr. Jacoby may recommend include:

  • Lifestyle modifications like losing weight, replacing high impact activities with low-impact activities, and avoiding activities that trigger flare-ups
  • Physical therapy, including stretches and exercises that help improve range of motion and strengthen joints
  • Custom orthotics to minimize pressure and pain and improve gait
  • Assistive devices such as a cane
  • Medications like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relievers
  • Steroid injections to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Surgical treatment to clean up the joint, fuse bones together, or replace joints altogether


Extremity Health Center accepts the following insurances. Please contact the office for further information.

Humana ChoiceCare Network PPO
Medicare B
United Healthcare

Words from our patients

  • Demandforce

    "I was seen in a timely manner and everything was explained very well. Dr. Jacoby is very personable and even drew out pictures to make understanding easier."

    Kathryn D.
  • Demandforce

    "Timely and courteous. Doc was most kind helping me by cutting away a painful part of nail that was digging into my big toe."

    Diane P.
  • Demandforce

    "Staff is friendly and efficient and Dr. Jacoby is insightful and good at what he does."

    John W.
  • Demandforce

    "Appreciate Dr Jacoby spending time and solving my immediate problem. Very pleasant experience."

    Diane P.
  • Demandforce

    "Dr. Jacoby is very insightful and meticulous in his approach to medicine. Also, his entire staff is courteous, friendly, and good at what they do."

    John W.
  • Healthgrades

    "Dr. Jacoby is concerned about a patient's overall good health, not just a hyper-focused piece of the puzzle. This is a rare find in physicians these days."

    Verified Patient
  • Healthgrades

    "...After my visit with him I started physical therapy in his office. I only needed four treatments and I'm back to my daily walks again. Thank you Dr. Jacoby & Staff!"

    Verified Patient
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