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March 2020

Monday, 30 March 2020 00:00

Possible Causes of Bunions

A common sign that you may have developed a bunion is by a bump that gradually forms on the side of the big toe. Additionally, it may appear red, swollen, and can cause severe pain and discomfort. The reasons that a bunion may form can consist of wearing shoes that do not have ample room for the toes to move freely in, or from medical conditions such as arthritis, nerve damage, or due to flat feet. Additionally, genetics may also play a significant role in the development of a bunion, and research has indicated the chances may increase as the aging process occurs. Many patients that have bunions wear custom made orthotics, as this may help relieve a portion of the pressure while wearing shoes. In severe cases, if it becomes difficult to walk, surgery may be a necessary option that can permanently remove the bunion. If you feel you have developed a bunion, it is suggested that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist who can help choose the best treatment option that is correct for you.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Richard P. Jacoby, DPM of Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Peoria, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Friday, 27 March 2020 00:00

Heel Pain Can Be Treated!

Do you suffer from heel pain when you get up in the morning?

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One common cause of Morton’s neuroma includes wearing footwear that is too tight for your feet. This condition may occur when a nerve between the toes becomes pinched and inflamed, often causing a numbing or tingling feeling in the affected foot. Some patients have also expressed it felt as if they were walking with a pebble in their shoe, as well as a burning felt in the forefoot. Along with ill fitting footwear, certain foot deformities may also be a factor in the development of Morton’s neuroma. Some conditions that increase your risk of developing a neuroma may include hammertoes and bunions. To help alleviate some of the discomfort associated with this condition, patients have found using insoles and custom orthotics to be quite helpful. If you believe you have developed Morton’s neuroma and would like more information on how to treat this condition, it is suggested that you speak with a podiatrist.

Morton’s neuroma is a very uncomfortable condition to live with. If you think you have Morton’s neuroma, contact Richard P. Jacoby, DPM of Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and answer any of your related questions.  

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the second and third or third and fourth toe, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.

What Increases the Chances of Having Morton’s Neuroma?

  • Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot
  • Jogging, running or any sport that involves constant impact to the foot
  • Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformities

Morton’s neuroma is a very treatable condition. Orthotics and shoe inserts can often be used to alleviate the pain on the forefront of the feet. In more severe cases, corticosteroids can also be prescribed. In order to figure out the best treatment for your neuroma, it’s recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist who can diagnose your condition and provide different treatment options.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Peoria, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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As the aging process occurs, the skin on the feet may become thin and lose cushioning. The feet may also be more susceptible to the development of uncomfortable foot conditions, which may include blisters and corns. Additionally, ingrown toenails may be a common ailment among seniors, as this can be a result of poor visibility while trimming the toenails. The feet may generally feel better when shoes and socks that are worn fit correctly, and it is beneficial to avoid wearing high heels. It may also be helpful to choose shoes that have Velcro fasteners, as opposed to laces that can be easily tripped on if they become untied. Many elderly patients choose to be under the care of a podiatrist, who can monitor any existing foot conditions.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Richard P. Jacoby, DPM from Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and Their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet and can hide many life-threatening medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Peoria, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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When a child is born, the bones in their feet are comprised of soft cartilage. Research has indicated that it is beneficial for a child to walk barefoot while indoors, as this may help the feet to become stronger. This can happen when the toes grasp the floor, and this generally benefits the entire foot. When your child walks outdoors, it is important to properly measure their feet, as this can help to best determine the correct shoe size. When the first shoes are purchased, it is suggested that they are made of a lightweight and breathable material, in addition to having non-slip soles. Children’s feet grow rapidly, and it is wise to have them measured approximately every six weeks. Many babies are born with flat feet, and the arches will gradually develop as the feet become stronger. If this fails to occur, it is advised that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnose any foot condition your child may have.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Richard P. Jacoby, DPM of Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Peoria, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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A fungal infection that affects the skin of the feet is referred to as athlete’s foot. It is considered to be contagious, and this type of fungus lives and thrives in warm and moist environments. These can include public pools, shower room floors, and surrounding areas. Methods can be implemented which may help to prevent athlete’s foot from developing. It is helpful to wear appropriate shoes while in these areas, and to refrain from sharing shoes, socks, and towels. Some of the symptoms that are associated with this ailment often include severe itching between the toes and on the soles of the feet, redness, and in severe cases, blisters may form. Applying an anti-fungal powder may provide moderate relief for your discomfort. If you are experiencing recurring bouts of athlete’s foot, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you find proper treatment techniques.

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is often an uncomfortable condition to experience. Thankfully, podiatrists specialize in treating athlete’s foot and offer the best treatment options. If you have any questions about athlete’s foot, consult with Richard P. Jacoby, DPM from Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality treatment.

What Is Athlete’s Foot?

Tinea pedis, more commonly known as athlete’s foot, is a non-serious and common fungal infection of the foot. Athlete’s foot is contagious and can be contracted by touching someone who has it or infected surfaces. The most common places contaminated by it are public showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. Once contracted, it grows on feet that are left inside moist, dark, and warm shoes and socks.

Prevention

The most effective ways to prevent athlete’s foot include:

  • Thoroughly washing and drying feet
  • Avoid going barefoot in locker rooms and public showers
  • Using shower shoes in public showers
  • Wearing socks that allow the feet to breathe
  • Changing socks and shoes frequently if you sweat a lot

Symptoms

Athlete’s foot initially occurs as a rash between the toes. However, if left undiagnosed, it can spread to the sides and bottom of the feet, toenails, and if touched by hand, the hands themselves. Symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Scaly and peeling skin

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis is quick and easy. Skin samples will be taken and either viewed under a microscope or sent to a lab for testing. Sometimes, a podiatrist can diagnose it based on simply looking at it. Once confirmed, treatment options include oral and topical antifungal medications.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Peoria, AZ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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