Swollen feet, a common issue that affects people of all ages, can be uncomfortable and concerning. To find relief, it is essential first to understand the underlying causes. One of the leading causes of swollen feet is fluid retention, often attributed to a sedentary lifestyle, excessive salt intake, or hormonal changes. Prolonged sitting or standing can also impede proper blood circulation, leading to swelling. Certain medical conditions, such as heart, kidney, or liver problems, can contribute to fluid buildup in the lower extremities. Another common factor is inflammation, which can result from injuries, infections, or chronic conditions such as arthritis. In some cases, medications or pregnancy may lead to incurring swollen feet. To relieve swollen feet, elevate your legs whenever possible, ideally above heart level, to encourage fluid drainage. Regular exercise, such as walking or ankle rotations, can help improve circulation. Reducing salt intake, wearing compression stockings, and staying hydrated are valuable preventive measures. If swelling persists or worsens, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist to rule out any underlying medical conditions and explore additional treatment options.
Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Richard P. Jacoby, DPM of Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:
- Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
- Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
- Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
- Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
- Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.
Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet.
Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Buckeye, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.