Tuesday, 09 July 2024 00:00

Falls in older adults are often caused by sarcopenia, a condition characterized by the loss of muscle mass and strength, leading to reduced stability and increased risk of falls. Poor balance, vision impairments, and certain medications can also contribute to this issue. To prevent falls, incorporating balance and strength exercises into daily routines is essential. Activities such as tai chi, yoga, and resistance training can enhance muscle strength and improve coordination. Additionally, ensuring adequate intake of vitamin D and calcium through diet or supplements can support bone health and reduce fall risk. Regular eye check-ups and managing medications can further prevent falls. Falling can seriously impact the feet, which may cause the inability to complete daily activities. If you have endured a foot injury from falling, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist. This healthcare professional can treat your foot condition, in addition to offering effective fall-prevention tips.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Richard P. Jacoby, DPM from Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Buckeye, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Falls Prevention
Tuesday, 02 July 2024 00:00

Metatarsal fractures refer to breaks or cracks in one or more of the five long bones in the foot that connect the ankle to the toes. These fractures often result from direct trauma, overuse, or severe twisting of the foot. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty bearing weight. Proper treatment is vital for healing, as improper or delayed treatment can lead to serious consequences. Without appropriate care, metatarsal fractures can result in chronic pain, improper bone healing, and long-term mobility issues. Misaligned bones can cause persistent discomfort and increase the risk of arthritis in the affected joints. Therefore, it is essential to seek prompt attention from a podiatrist, follow prescribed treatment plans, and allow adequate time for healing to prevent complications and ensure a full recovery. If you have believe you have fractured a metatarsal, it is strongly suggested that you visit a podiatrist for a diagnosis and treatment.

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact Richard P. Jacoby, DPM from Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury. 

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue in color
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Buckeye, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment for a Broken Foot
Tuesday, 25 June 2024 00:00

Hammertoe is a foot deformity where one or more of the smaller toes bend abnormally at the middle joint, resembling a hammer. This condition often results from an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally keep the toe straight. Common causes can include wearing ill-fitting shoes, especially those that are too tight or have high heels, which force the toe into a bent position. Other contributing factors include genetic predisposition, arthritis, and trauma to the toe. Symptoms of hammertoe include pain or irritation on the affected toe, especially when wearing shoes, as well as corns or calluses forming on the top of the joint due to friction. The affected toe may also become red, swollen, or stiff. Early detection is essential for effective treatment, which may involve changing footwear, using orthotic devices, and performing toe exercises. If you have developed a hammertoe, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can offer you effective treatment options, which may include surgery for severe cases that can relieve pain and correct the deformity.


Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Richard P. Jacoby, DPM from Extremity Health Centers. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.


  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes


Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe


Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Scottsdale and Buckeye, AZ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?
Sunday, 23 June 2024 00:00

If left untreated, an ingrown toenail can lead to more serious concerns, such as an infection. Knowing proper nail care can help in the prevention of an ingrown toenail. Give us a call, and get treated!

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